Adverbs

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adverbs

Expressing Degree

*hěn
*很
very
hen

tài

too~, extremely
tai

gèng

more
geng

fēicháng
非常
extremely
feichang

tèbié
特别
especially, particularly
tebie

zhēn

really
zhen

duōme/duō
多么/多
how ~
duome
duo

tǐng

rather, quite
ting

chāo

super~
chao

*hǎo
*好
very, quite, so
hao

*Note:

  1. “很”(hěn)means ‘very’, but the meaning is fairly weak, and is often used just as a filler. When you want to emphasise ‘very’, it’d be good to choose other adverbs.
  2. “好”(hǎo)has the meaning of ‘good’, and also ‘very’. It is often used in spoken Mandarin.

Expressing Scope

dōu

all
dou

zhǐ

only
zhi

yìqǐ
一起
altogether
yiqi

yígòng
一共
altogether
yigong

quán

entire, whole, all
quan

Expressing Time

cái

only, just
cai

jiù

at once, already, as early as
jiu

gāng/ gānggāng
刚/刚刚
just, only just
gang
ganggang

yǐjing
已经
already
yijing

cháng/ chángcháng
常/常常
often
chang
changchang

zài/ zhèngzài
在/正在
in the process of
zai
zhengzai

Expressing Repetition



also, too
ye

zài

again (future)
zai

yòu

again (past)
you

hái

still, yet
hai

Expressing Negation



not
bu

méi/ méiyǒu
没/ 没有
not, never
mei
meiyou

bié

do not (do something)
bie

búyòng
不用
need not
buyong

Expressing Estimation

dàgài
大概
about, maybe
dagai

kěnéng
可能
probably, maybe
keneng

yěxǔ
也许
perhaps, maybe
yexu


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