Pronouns

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Pronouns

Personal Pronouns



you
01 ni



I
02 wo


他/她/它
he; she; it
03 ta

nǐmen
你们
you (plural)
04 nimen

wǒmen
我们
we
05 women

tāmen
他们/她们/它们
they
06 tamen

zánmen
咱们
we (includes both speaker and listener; colloquial)
07 zanmen

dàjiā
大家
everybody
08 dajia

zìjǐ
自己
oneself
09 ziji

Demonstrative Pronouns

zhè

this
10 zhe



that
13 na


*哪
which
16 na_qn

zhège
这个
this (one)
11 zhege

nàge
那个
that (one)
14 nage

nǎge
*哪个
which (one)
17 nage_qn

zhèige
这个
this (one) (colloquial)
12 zheige

nèige
那个
that (one) (colloquial)
15 neige

něige
*哪个
which (one) (colloquial)
18 neige_qn

zhèli
这里
here
19 zheli

nàli
那里
there
20 nali

nǎli
*哪里
where
21 nali_qn

zhèr
这儿
here (colloquial)
22 zher

nàr
那儿
there (colloquial)
23 nar

nǎr
*哪儿
where (colloquial)
24 nar_qn

*”哪”, “哪个”, “哪里”, “哪儿” are actually interrogative pronouns, but I’m lumping them under ‘Demonstrative Pronouns’ as I believe it is easier to remember them as a set together with “这”, “那” and the rest.

Interrogative Pronouns

shuí

who
26 shui

shéi
谁 (colloquial)
who
25 shei

shénme
什么
what
27 shenme

zěnme
怎么
how
29 zenme

zěnmeyàng
怎么样
how, how about
28 zenmeyang

wèishénme
为什么
why
30 weishenme

shénme shíhou
什么时候
when
31 shenme-shihou



how many
32 ji



which
16 na_qn

nǎge
哪个
which (one)
17 nage_qn

něige
哪个
which (one) (colloquial)
18 neige_qn

nǎli
哪里
where
21 nali_qn

nǎr
哪儿
where (colloquial)
24 nar_qn

ma
*吗
marker placed at the end of declarative sentences to form questions
33 ma

*”吗” is a question marker, not an interrogative pronoun, but since it is used to form questions, I have included it here for easier learning.


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